The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest of the true foxes, as well as being the most geographically spread member of the carnivora, being distributed across the entire northern hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, Central America and the steppes of Asia.
Red foxes are social animals, whose groups are led by a mated pair which monopolises breeding. Subordinates within a group are typically the young of the mated pair, who remain with their parents to assist in caring for new kits.
The species primarily feeds on small rodents, though it may also target birds, reptiles, invertebrates. Fruit or vegetable matter is also eaten on occasion.
Red foxes have elongated bodies and relatively short limbs. The tail, which is longer than half the body length is long, fluffy and reaches the ground when in a standing position.
Their pupils are oval and vertically oriented. The forepaws have five digits, while the hind feet have only four. They are very agile, being capable of jumping over 2 metre high fences and swim well.